Turkey: “Banning Early Marriages is Fighting Against Allah”

Any wonder the Democrat pedo-party loves sharia law?

Muhammad married his favorite wife Aisha when he was 51 and she was six. Muhammad was the ‘perfect model.’ Child marriage is Islamic.

Robert Spencer explains:

Child marriage is sanctioned in Islam.

Islamic tradition records that Muhammad consummated his marriage with (i.e., raped) Aisha when she was nine, and the resultant fact that child marriage is accepted in wide swaths of the Islamic world. Child marriage has abundant attestation in Islamic tradition and law.

Turkey’s directorate of religious affairs (Diyanet) said in January 2018 that under Islamic law, girls as young as nine can marry.

“Islam has no age barrier in marriage and Muslims have no apology for those who refuse to accept this” — Ishaq Akintola, professor of Islamic Eschatology and Director of Muslim Rights Concern, Nigeria

“There is no minimum marriage age for either men or women in Islamic law. The law in many countries permits girls to marry only from the age of 18. This is arbitrary legislation, not Islamic law.” — Dr. Abd Al-Hamid Al-‘Ubeidi, Iraqi expert on Islamic law

There is no minimum age for marriage and that girls can be married “even if they are in the cradle.” — Dr. Salih bin Fawzan, prominent cleric and member of Saudi Arabia’s highest religious council

“Islam does not forbid marriage of young children.” — Pakistan’s Council of Islamic Ideology

Hadiths that Muslims consider authentic record that Muhammad’s favorite wife, Aisha, was six when Muhammad wedded her and nine when he consummated the marriage:

“The Prophet wrote the (marriage contract) with Aisha while she was six years old and consummated his marriage with her while she was nine years old and she remained with him for nine years (i.e. till his death)” (Bukhari 7.62.88).

Another tradition has Aisha herself recount the scene:

The Prophet engaged me when I was a girl of six (years). We went to Medina and stayed at the home of Bani-al-Harith bin Khazraj. Then I got ill and my hair fell down. Later on my hair grew (again) and my mother, Um Ruman, came to me while I was playing in a swing with some of my girl friends. She called me, and I went to her, not knowing what she wanted to do to me. She caught me by the hand and made me stand at the door of the house. I was breathless then, and when my breathing became all right, she took some water and rubbed my face and head with it. Then she took me into the house. There in the house I saw some Ansari women who said, “Best wishes and Allah’s Blessing and a good luck.” Then she entrusted me to them and they prepared me (for the marriage). Unexpectedly Allah’s Apostle came to me in the forenoon and my mother handed me over to him, and at that time I was a girl of nine years of age. (Bukhari 5.58.234).

Muhammad was at this time fifty-four years old.

Marrying young girls was not all that unusual for its time, but because in Islam Muhammad is the supreme example of conduct (cf. Qur’an 33:21), he is considered exemplary in this unto today. And so in April 2011, the Bangladesh Mufti Fazlul Haque Amini declared that those trying to pass a law banning child marriage in that country were putting Muhammad in a bad light: “Banning child marriage will cause challenging the marriage of the holy prophet of Islam, [putting] the moral character of the prophet into controversy and challenge.” He added a threat: “Islam permits child marriage and it will not be tolerated if any ruler will ever try to touch this issue in the name of giving more rights to women.” The Mufti said that 200,000 jihadists were ready to sacrifice their lives for any law restricting child marriage.

Likewise the influential website Islamonline.com in December 2010 justified child marriage by invoking not only Muhammad’s example, but the Qur’an as well:

The Noble Qur’an has also mentioned the waiting period [i.e. for a divorced wife to remarry] for the wife who has not yet menstruated, saying: “And those who no longer expect menstruation among your women, if you doubt, then their period is three months, and [also for] those who have not menstruated” [Qur’an 65:4]. Since this is not negated later, we can take from this verse that it is permissible to have sexual intercourse with a prepubescent girl. The Qur’an is not like the books of jurisprudence which mention what the implications of things are, even if they are prohibited. It is true that the prophet entered into a marriage contract with A’isha when she was six years old, however he did not have sex with her until she was nine years old, according to al-Bukhari.

Other countries make Muhammad’s example the basis of their laws regarding the legal marriageable age for girls. Article 1041 of the Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran states that girls can be engaged before the age of nine, and married at nine: “Marriage before puberty (nine full lunar years for girls) is prohibited. Marriage contracted before reaching puberty with the permission of the guardian is valid provided that the interests of the ward are duly observed.”

According to Amir Taheri in The Spirit of Allah: Khomeini and the Islamic Revolution (pp. 90-91), Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini himself married a ten-year-old girl when he was twenty-eight. Khomeini called marriage to a prepubescent girl “a divine blessing,” and advised the faithful to give their own daughters away accordingly: “Do your best to ensure that your daughters do not see their first blood in your house.” When he took power in Iran, he lowered the legal marriageable age of girls to nine, in accord with Muhammad’s example.

Turkey: “Banning Early Marriages is Fighting Against Allah”

A Muslim group in Turkey has set up a platform called “Turkey’s Platform of Family Assembly for Young Marriages” to defend child marriages and expressed their opposition to women’s rights advocates and international conventions, accusing them of “increasing prostitution and violence.”

In a written statement, the President of the Platform, Adem Çevik, said that “to prohibit early marriages is to fight against Allah” and added: “One who is smart does not fight against sunnetullah [Allah’s order].”

Referring to Ottoman Sultan Mehmet Mohammed, whom Turks call “the Conqueror” and who invaded Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453, Çevik said:

“The Conqueror Sultan Mehmet, one of the founders of our country, is always shown as an example and we have been raised with statements such as ‘My daughter, you are old enough to give birth to a Conqueror’ or “My son, you are the same age when the Sultan Conqueror ascended the throne.’”

He continued: “When our grandfathers were at around the age of 14, they protected our homeland, sacrificing their lives and got martyred in order to protect their families during the occupation of our country, during the [1915-16] war in Dardanelles, in the war of liberation and during the occupation of our country on July 15 [2016 coup attempt]. Our state has the Ministry of Youth, and our nation has a youth festival [on May 19], but there is no concept of youth in our laws. Those under the age of 18 are seen as ‘children’. Isn’t it an eclipse of conscience to expect responsibility for our families and for our state from our young people to whom we do not give responsibility by marrying them off young?”

Çevik went on to say that “young marriages were banned in 2002 by violating the laws of Allah.” He continued:

“The punishment of [early marriages] and the treatment of young fathers as ‘rapists’ as of June 28, 2014 is just an eclipse of reason. To punish young marriages is to fight against fitra [an Islamic concept which means the original state in which humans are created by Allah] and against Allah. One who is smart does not fight against Sunnatullah [Allah’s order]. Those who prohibit young marriages by launching a war against fitra threaten our national security and future by serving the immoral and sexless community projects with no families supported by global evil forces. They also contribute to an increase of sexual perverts. Our president [Recep Tayyip Erdogan] complains of late marriage, but does not encourage young marriage; instead, he punishes them.”

Çevik targeted women’s rights advocates struggling for gender equality.

“The operation under the guise of gender equality is an operation to turn [our nation] into homosexuals. The fight launched under the mask of protecting children from abuse, and women from violence and discrimination increases prostitution and violence.”

Cevik also opposed international women’s and children’s rights conventions such as the Council of Europe Convention on Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, also known as “the Lanzarote Convention”, the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, monitored by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), and the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence, also known as the Istanbul Convention. He claimed that such conventions “promote prostitution”:

“Slandering those who marry young and those who set up a family at the age of 14 is the biggest persecution against our children and young mothers and fathers by the state,” he said.

“While young marriage is prohibited with the Istanbul Convention, CEDAW and the Lanzarote Convention and so on, prostitution is encouraged. Honorable people should be just as brave as the dishonorable. These actions constitute the heaviest violence against our women and children.”

Professor Muttalip Kutluk Özgüven of Istanbul Aydın University made a similar statement in defense of child pregnancies in May. Özgüven argued in a television program that girls between the ages of 12 and 17 “have excellent bodies” and “are in the ideal time to give birth.”

Scientists and sane human rights advocates, however, are in full agreement that child marriage has devastating consequences on girls’ health, and those who are victims of child marriage are deprived of their fundamental rights to health, education and safety. According to the organization “Girls, Not Brides”:

Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both of the parties are under 18 years of age. Each year, 12 million girls are married before the age of 18. That is 23 girls every minute. Nearly 1 every 3 seconds.

Child brides are neither physically nor emotionally ready to become wives and mothers. They face more risks of experiencing dangerous complications in pregnancy and childbirth, contracting HIV/AIDS and suffering domestic violence. With little access to education and economic opportunities, they and their families are more likely to live in poverty.

According to the United Nations International Children’s Fund (UNICEF),

The legal age of marriage in Turkey is 18 and children can marry at the age of 17 with the consent of their parents or legal guardians. Children at the age of 16 can also marry, with special permission from the courts ‘under exceptional circumstances and on vital grounds.’

Despite the rising average age of marriage, child marriage remains an on-going challenge in Turkey and reflects a pattern of gender inequality that reinforces stereotypical roles for girls and curtails their education, compromises their health, and exposes them to the risk of violence and poverty.

Child marriage and child pregnancies are still major problems across Turkey. According to the 2018 data by Turkey’s Statistics Institute (TUIK), 167 children below the age of 15 gave birth and 11,636 children in the 15-17 age group became mothers.

Then why does the newly established “Family Platform” in Turkey so passionately advocate for child marriages and see its prohibition as “a war against Allah”?

Islamic tradition records that Muhammad, the founder of Islam, married Aisha when she was six and consummated his marriage with her when she was nine. At the time of the “consummation,” he was 54 years old.

Similarly, Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second caliph of Islam, married Umm Kulthum bint Ali, granddaughter of Muhammad and the daughter of Caliph Ali, when she was between 10 and 12 years old and he was around 47.

Islamic scriptures also clearly advocate the practice, which has become a long-lasting tradition in many Muslim communities.

As the “Girls, Not Brides” organization states, “child brides can be found in every region in the world, from the Middle East to Latin America, South Asia to Europe.” However, trying to put an end to child marriages is doubly difficult in Muslim communities, because Islamic theology and law openly encourage the practice.

That’s why a political system or culture shaped by Islamic theology systematically makes children and women suffer by sanctioning child marriages, abuse and violence. Those in the West who are so clueless as to call critics of Islam “Islamophobes” would thus be well-advised to try thinking about what kind of a culture Islamic sharia law universally creates for young girls and women.

Uzay Bulut is a Turkish journalist and political analyst formerly based in Ankara.

 

Read more at Geller Report

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